sexta-feira, 23 de março de 2012

Futuro Imediato usando “Going to”


Futuro Imediato usando “Going to”

Falar de planos que foram feitos com antecedência.
Ex: I’m going to buy a car next month

Fazer previsões num futuro próximo.
Ex: I think it’s going to rain.
Também pode ser usado com a palavra probably (provavelmente).
Ex: I probably going to talk with her.

Estrutura
I go to São Paulo.
I am going to go to São Paulo next week.
She washes the dishes.
She is going to wash the dishes when arrive at home.

Forma Interrogativa do Futuro Imediato “going to”
I am going to go to São Paulo next week.
Am I going to go to São Paulo next week?
She is going to wash the dishes when arrive at home.
 Is she going to wash the dishes when arrive at home?
We are going to buy a car next month.
Are we going to buy a car next month?

Forma Negativa do Futuro Imediato “going to”
I am going to go to São Paulo next week.
I am not going to go to São Paulo next week.
She is going to wash the dishes when arrive at home.
She is not going to wash the dishes when arrive at home.
We are going to buy a car next month.
We are not going to buy a car next month.

Expressões ligadas ao futuro
      Tomorrow – amanhã
      The day after tomorrow – depois de amanhã
      Next week – próxima semana
      Next weekend – próximo final de semana
      Next month – próximo mês
      Next year – próximo ano

Presente Contínuo
Sujeito + verbo to be + verbo + “ing” + complemento

Ø  Deve-se retirar o “e” dos verbos terminados com essa letra, antes de se acrescentar o “ing”.
Ex: to ride (andar)
      to dance (dançar)
Ø  Deve-se dobrar a última letra dos verbos monossílabos terminados em CVC antes de se acrescentar o “ing”.
Ex: to swim (nadar)
      to put (colocar)
Exceção:
Open - opening

Ø  Verbos terminados em -IE perdem o -IE e ganham Y+ING:
Ex: lie = lying
 die = dying

Exceção:
Os terminados em EE não perdem nada e só ganham o ING:
Ex: agree = agreeing

Formas Contraída, Interrogativa e Negativa.
She’s studying English now.
He is not playing the electric guitar at this moment.
Is Mariane talking to Bob?
¡  Pronomes Possessivos Adjetivos
My = meu, minha, meus minhas
Your = teu, tua, teus, tuas, seu, sua, seus, suas
His = dele
Her = dela
Our = nosso, nossa, nossos, nossas
Their = deles, delas

I ------------ MY
You -------- Your
He ---------- His
She ----------Her
It ------------Its
We --------- Our
They --------Their
My car, my cars
Your car, your cars
His car, his cars
Her car, her cars
Its wheel, its wheels
Our car, our cars
Their car, their cars
My house is big (minha casa é grande)

 Her house is big too (A casa dela é grande também)

His car is crashed (O carro dele está quebrado)

Pronomes Possessivos
I ------------ Mine
You -------- Yours
He ---------- His
She ----------Hers
It ------------Its
We --------- Ours
They --------Theirs

He is a friend of mine.
She is wearing a dress of hers.
My car is blue, yours is red.
Your car is red, mine is blue.
His car is green, hers is pink



My ------------ Mine
Your -------- Yours
His ---------- His
Her ----------Hers
Its ------------Its
Our --------- Ours
Their --------Theirs

This book is ours.
These copybooks are theirs.
Its house is clean.
These cars are hers.
Alessandro and Adir are friends of ours.
This is its bone.
He was an enemy of his.
These are our books.
She is a relative of mine.
His car is mine now.
My book is new.
Your pencil is under the table.
His backpack is new.
Which pizza is yours? The cheese or the pepperoni?
The cheese is mine and the pepperoni is hers.

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